Historical Population of Madison, Indiana (Chart)

With the new 2010 Census numbers being released, it’s a good time to look back at the historical figures for Madison’s population. The following chart was created with numbers from the US Census Bureau and compiled by Wikipedia. Scroll down to see the detailed breakdown of these figures.

Madison Indiana Population ?Census Chart 1850-2010

Historical Census Data for Madison, Indiana

Census Pop.
1850 8012
1860 8130 1.50%
1870 10709 31.70%
1880 8945 −16.5%
1890 8936 −0.1%
1900 7835 −12.3%
1910 6934 −11.5%
1920 6711 −3.2%
1930 6530 −2.7%
1940 6923 6.00%
1950 7506 8.40%
1960 10488 39.70%
1970 13081 24.70%
1980 12472 −4.7%
1990 12006 −3.7%
2000 12004 0.00%
2010 11967 −0.3%

There is a great deal of history behind these numbers. Madison has seen boom and bust over the years. The most dramatic period of decline marked the rise of the railroads. Recent history shows a slight downgrade in population, but the stability is welcome when compared to other times in Madison’s history.

There are a few key dates to keep in mind, particularly with big jumps & declines.

  • In 1952, the North Madison “hilltop” was annexed to city of Madison. This is reflected in the 1960 Census jump.
  • In 1984, the Marble Hill Nuclear Plant project was abandoned after six years of construction. Many residents see this as a major blow to the local economy.

For more history of Madison, click here to visit the Jefferson County Historical Society.

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